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These Logo activity books, help sheets, and projects are a collection of material I have used in teacher training courses, both primary and secondary, as well as with primary and secondary school students.

The collection has been slowly growing as I've added new stuff from time to time and rewritten materials to make them clearer or more interesting.

I'd like to get across that:

  1. programming is a powerful intellectual tool for thinking;
  2. it is accessible to the very youngest learners;
  3. it can be as challenging as you like; and
  4. it can be fun, sometimes hard fun, but that's the best kind!

(Click here for the 'curriculum-speak' version)

Logo never fails to please me and quite often at least some of my students. It doesn't grab everyone completely, but at first almsot all students enjoy themselves drawing shapes in bright colours, making exciting patterns, and using numbers to make things larger, smaller, faster.

Logo affords a combination of structure and playful, exploratory thinking which in turn can produce good holding power. It is a constructionist approach that treats programming more as a process of experimental building, in a similar way to any craft. But it can be demanding of one's time to learn to any effect.

For a longer discussion about the pedagogy of Logo see here.

A list of links from my is here.

An old but quite interesting bibliography is here. And an old bibliography of some of Papert's works is here. Both these lists need updating and were created some time ago.

Some sources for the early projects:

List of MIT Logo Memos by Andru Luvisi

There's the DSpace repository where a lot of this stuff is archived.

And the MIT AI Lab archive - searchable here

FMSLogo (developer: David Costanza) is a continuation of the original MSWLogo (creator George Mills) which in turn is built on UCBLogo.

In its look and feel UCBLogo is rather retro, harking back to the days of command line interfaces and simpler displays. But it is a great Logo, a classic implementation and it helps you feel closer to the machine!

FMSLogo aims to include aspects of the Windows GUI. It is superb for graphics, but the Windows GUI does make some list processing and input/output features a little more awkward to use.

Both are free for educational use but always read the licence terms.

MSWLogo was often mistakenly thought to stand for Microsoft Windows Logo. It really stands stands for Multiple Sclerosis Windows Logo! MSWLogo ran from a banner reminding Logo users of this. Coincidentally, Multiple sclerosis research and care is a medical cause that I too support.

Download FMSLogo or go to the main project website.

The original MSWLogo page remains a good visit. Lots of resources.

Why use FMSLogo? (i) It's free for educational use, so everyone can have a copy. (ii) It's a 'real' programming language - you can do serious stuff with it - yet five year olds can make a start while 55 year olds can keep on busting their brains over it! How's that for progression and continuity? (iii) It's part of a great tradition of 'progressive', learner-centred education (Turtle Graphics is not just a set of programming constructs, it also carries an implied pedagogy based on a general model of intellectual and affective development).

January 2011: I have added Mike Sharples' Boxes, Phrasebooks and Adventure programs to this site. The programs are optimal for UCBLogo but not FMSLogo because FMS uses modal windows to catch user input. (Adaptation is possible but I haven't got around to it yet).

Get UCBLogo here.

Visit Cynthia Solomon's Logo Projects Wiki. Read her background page.

We shouldn't forget The Great Logo Adventure by Jim Muller.
A great book about MSWLogo - still applicable to FMSLogo, and free!
I got this copy from George Mills' MSW Logo website.

Brian Harvey (author of UCBLogo)  publishes his classic and beatifully made books
HERE (scroll down page to links underneath cover art.)

There are quite a few versions of Logo available, some commercially produced, and some produced under various freeware licences.
Logo resources.

Acrobat Reader is required to view some of the material on this website. Get it here ==>

Logo Materials

The Edinburgh Logo Project crica 1980 was an important Logo project for the UK. It was run with RM and Terak by Peter Ross and Ken Johnson. No archive yet but see reference here about halfway down page.

That project followed on from the earlier research at Edinburgh Dept of AI during the 1970s under J. Howe. Here's a documentary archive being put together by Graham Toal (Edinburgh Alumnus)


(revised February, 2014)

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